The root is cylindrical, pivoting, with a fibrous and shallow branching system. [8], It is a herbaceous annual or perennial whose height ranges from 30–110 cm. Tagetes erecta : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Tagetes erecta ... Any Name or TSN: Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Foliage and flowers are aromatic when brushed or crushed. Scientific Name: Tagetes L. (Asteraceae) erecta L. Related Plants 'Big Duck Gold' 'Giant Perfecta Series' 'Pollux' 'Simba' 'Yellow … Heavy flowerheads put considerable stress on plant stems which often snap when exposed to strong winds and/or heavy rains. Marigold can be grown three times in a year – rainy, winter and summer seasons. Springer, Spektrum Academic Publisher, Berlin / Heidelberg 2008, Serrato-Cruz M. A. Tagetes erecta L. Dwarf marigold (Engl.) Heuzé V., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2017. Marigold Quick Facts Name: Marigold Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta Origin Central America, Mexico and Guatemala Colors Black Shapes Angular achene 7–10 mm Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta Common Name: African Marigold Hardiness Degree: 32°F (0.0°C) Blooming Season: Spring, Summer Plant Habit: Mounded Characteristics: Colorful/Attractive Foliage, Heat Tolerant, Low Maintenance Watch for spider mites and thrips. [citation needed] The Cherokee used it as a skin wash and for yellow dye. Easily grown in average, evenly moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Genus. Pinnate leaves with toothed, lance-shaped leaflets are aromatic. English: Marigold Tagalog: Amarillo. Rzedowski J and Rzedowski GC. [22] Other uses include respiratory diseases such as colds, flu, bronchitis and nasal congestion as well as gynecological problems. Season in which crop is grown . KANNADA: Chenna mallige Marigold is an ornamental plant, a rather coarse, erect, glabrous branched, rank-smelling annual herb, 0.4 to 1 meter … In foods and beverages, tagetes is used as a flavor component. Plug crop time: 3 weeks Transplant to finish: Spring 4 to 6 weeks, … In Mexico, it is used in the festivities of the Day of the Dead, to decorate altars and tombs; hence the name "flower of the dead". Taller varieties may need staking or other support. Other names include Amarillo in Spanish. Michoacán, Mexico. They typically grow from 1-4’ tall and feature huge, mostly double-globular flowers (2-4” diameter) in various shades of yellow, orange, and whitish. Tagetes erecta Taxonomy ID: 13708 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid13708) current name The cultivar ‘Inca Orange’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[15][16]. Tagetes erecta. Ornamental Phytogenetic Resources of Mexico. ): Excursion flora of Germany . Species. Celak. The scientific name of the marigold is Tagetes erecta L. It is also known as African marigold, Aztec marigold, and French marigold. Tagetes Hindi Name: Gainda . Eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller (ed. Mexican marigold is an erect annual herb that grows up to a height of 180 cm. The season of sowing and transplanting of seedlings for obtaining flower at different seasons of the year are given below: Flowering season Sowing Time Transplanting time Tagetes lemmonii. Name Marigold; Scientific Name: Tagetes erecta: Native: Central America, Mexico and Guatemala. Heyden, Doris (1987). In manufacturing, the oil is used as a fragrance in perfumes. Tagetes erecta. Plant Habit : Upright. Villaseñor R., J. L. and F. J. Espinosa G., 1998. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date or purchase plants in cell/six packs from local nurseries. Vázquez-García L. M., Víveros-Farfán I. M. G. and Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. [29], Mexican marigolds (orange, center) in Tepoztlán, Morelos. [11], In their wild form they are found in the Balsas basin and western Mexico and live in diverse types of ecosystems, such as tropical deciduous forests, thorny forests, cloud forests and pine-oak forests. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Tagetes major Tagetes major Gaertner, Fruct. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. [23], Antioxidant activity has been discovered in the essential oil of this plant although less than that of α-Tocopherol, possibly attributable to the presence of camphor and methyl eugenol[24] It is most effective against the nematode species Pratylenchus penetrans. Marsh marigold is scientifically known as Caltha palustris. [20], Since prehispanic times, this plant has been used for medicinal purposes. Tagetes major Gaertn. [6][7], Some authorities regard Tagetes patula (the French marigold) as a synonym of Tagetes erecta. The most intense orange tones of the flowers are related to a higher content of carotenoids, especially xanthophyll. The essential oil of the flower contains antioxidants. Fund of Economic Culture. The genus Tagetes includes African, Mexican and French marigolds. Site tall varieties in locations sheltered from strong winds and heavy rains. Founded by Werner Rothmaler. Genus Tagetes L. – marigold P : Contains 8 Species and 8 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P: Species Tagetes lemmonii A. Collection, characterization and use of Tagetes erecta L. As ornamental; Advances X National Congress and III International Ornamental Horticulture. 2005. [3][4] In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. University of the State of Mexico. Catalog of weeds of Mexico. Tagetes patula, commonly called French marigold, is a compact annual that typically grow 6-12” tall and feature single, semi-double, double or crested, fragrant flowers (1-2” diameter) in shades of yellow, orange, red and bicolor. Cempasúchil (Tagetes spp.) major (Gaertn.) Note: Tagetes erecta L. (heads 1--few, generally large; involucre widely cylindric or bell-shaped, 13--19 mm; ray flowers 8--many) a waif in disturbed places. In the flowers of the disc: 150 to 250 in the simple heads, in the doubles it shows different degrees of transformation in ligules, yellow to orange corollas, of 8 to 10 mm in length. Susceptible to powdery mildew, Botrytis, leaf spot and rots. The name “Tagetes” is derived from that of … It has been intentionally introduced across tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world and now it can be found cultivated and naturalized in North and South America, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia, Europe and Oceania But there is no scientific evidence to support these uses. Sem. Opposite leaves at the bottom alternate at the top, up to 20 cm long, pinnate, composed of 11 to 17 leaflets, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, up to 5 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, acute to acuminate, serrated to sub-holders, the lower ones of each leaf frequently setiform (in the form of threads), the superiors are sometimes completely setiform; with abundant round glands. Tagetes is a genus of annual or perennial, mostly herbaceous plants in the sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is widely cultivated as an easily grown bedding plant, with thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange. BASIONYM: Tagetes erecta Linnaeus 1753. It has been proposed the identification of Tagetes erecta of some flowers represented in Aztec art, such as those seen in the monolith of Coyolxauhqui, as part of the headdress of the goddess, proposed as a symbol of their sovereignty or death; also form part of the collar wears a god plant in a vase found in the Templo but also could be Tagetes patula. Amarillo – Scientific name: Tagetes erecta Linn. Michoacán University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo. II 1st edition. Volume 5 : Herbaceous ornamental and useful plants . Fanerogamic Flora of the Valley of Mexico. Aztec marigold. The Aztecs gathered the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes. Big marigold may be the best descriptive name because plants are noted for their large flowerheads. National Autonomous University of Mexico. As an introduced species (cultivated) it can be found in China, India, Zambia, South Africa and Australia. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil Reference: Strother 2006 FNANM 21:235--236 Marigold (Engl.) 1 2 3 has a long flowering period extending throughout the summer and fall. In Mexico, this plant is found in the wild in the states of México, Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz. In some regions of Mexico it is used in digestive ailments, such as stomach pain, as well as diarrhea, colic, liver problems, bile, vomiting, and indigestion. The common name of these plants is Marigold, their extracts smell sweet-herbaceous with … [21] The pigments of the erect tagetes are due to the presence of carotenoids, of which the main one is lutein, which is associated with the prevention of the development of age-related eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Promptly deadhead spent flowers. (Tagetes erecta) African Marigold 'Crackerjack' mix is an heirloom that grows to 36 inches tall. Common Name: Inca marigold, Marigold inca ii yellow, Marigold inca ii, Marigold inca ii yellow However, since antiquity it is also used for food and medicinal purposes. Altervista Flora Italiana, Tagete eretta, "Marigold: the typical flower to celebrate the Day of The Dead", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, "Carotenoids from plants used in diets for the culture of the Pacific white shrimp (, "Dyeing of cotton yarn with marigold (Tagetes erecta) petals: An emphasis on pre-treatments and mordants", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tagetes_erecta&oldid=989296961, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 04:43. Common Name : African (American) Marigold. African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’(Tagetes erecta) African Marigold ‘Crackerjack’. It reproduces easily by seeds. 2: 437. Tagetes ernstii H.Rob. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta. Tagetes erecta is an annual herb that has been commercialized worldwide as an ornamental plant and as a source of natural pigments from its yellow/orange flowers. – sweetscented marigold P: Species Tagetes micrantha Cav. Subordinate Taxa. 1791, nom. Big marigold may be the best descriptive name because plants are noted for their large flowerheads. It is also used as a natural dye on textiles. 2005. Plant taller varieties deep: strip off a few of the lower stem leaves and set plants below the remaining leaf scars so as to minimize the need for stem support. 4 Replies. Set plants out after last frost date. The flowers are rich in carotenoids, and are thus used to make food and feed pigments. The fruits and seeds are: linear achenes 7 to 10 mm long, smooth or slightly covered with stiff hairs at the corners. Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). Tagetes species Tagetes erecta Name Synonyms Lappa bardana var. erecta Tagetes ernestii H.Rob. Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer. This plant reaches heights of between 20 and 90 cm (7.9 and 35.4 in). [20], The ray florets have been used in lettuce salads and other foods to add colour and flavour. Scientific name: Tagetes erecta $ Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: ASTERACEAE: English name: Marigold orange, Marigold Yellow: Local name: Mahayak mal: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Erect annual herbs, 15 – 60 cm tall. Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 16 - 18" (41 - 46cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Sun. Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold, is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. Gray – Lemmon's marigold P: Species Tagetes lucida Cav. Its flower, the cempasúchil is also called the flor de muertos ("flower of the dead") in Mexico and is used in the Día de Muertos celebration every 2 November. Tagetes erecta (CAS 90131-43-4), Tagetes minuta (CAS 91770-75-1, 8016-84-0) and Tagetes patula (CAS 91722-29-1, 8016-84-0) extracts and oils are widely used fragrance ingredients of many fragrance compounds used in perfumery. The tall Tagetes erecta came to England from North Africa and the smaller T. patula, from France, hence the names African marigold and French marigold respectively, that were used by Gerard in his 1599 herbal (Gerard online) and have been their names generally in English since. These flowers are called Cempoalxóchitl; they are yellow and of good smell, and wide and beautiful, that they are born, and others that sow them in the orchards; They are in two ways, some they call females Cempoalxóchitl and they are big and beautiful, and others that are called Cempoalxóchitl males are not so beautiful or so big. Common names. Appreciates some light afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as St. Louis. [14], It is widely cultivated and there are many cultivars used in gardening as an ornamental plant. illegit. Furthermore, it can be used “as such” in cosmetic products. Summary of Invasiveness. The scientific name of the french marigold is Tagetes patula L. Scientific names. [28] It may be added to perfumes to infuse an apple scent into them. Some studies indicate the effectiveness of the latter in the prevention of coronary artery disease, heart attacks, immune response, old age and cancer. Leaves: 4 to 11 cm long, very deeply pinnatifid, the lobe lanceolate, coarsely and sharply toothed, 1 to 2.5 cm long. & D.H.Nicolson Tagetes excelsa Soule Tagetes heterocarpha Rydb. Bloom Description: Yellow, orange, and whitish. 28-67. National Consultative Phytosanitary Council. A less well known species, Tagetes tenuifolia has small flowers and leaves than most other marigolds. The plant also has a history of use against intestinal parasites and worms with one study indicating that it has a different mechanism than the anthelmintic drug levamisole. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. Annual. Mexico City. [19] Water infused with the fragrant essential oil of the flower was used to wash corpses in Honduras, and the flower is still commonly planted in cemeteries. Tagetes corymbosa Sweet. Scientific Name : Tagetes erecta Common Name : African (American) Marigold Blooming Season : Early Spring, Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer Plant Habit : Upright Spacing : 8 - 10" (20 - 25cm) Height : 16 - 18" (41 - 46cm) Width : 10 - 12" (25 - 30cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. Tagetes L. – marigold. [25] The dried flower petals, ground to a powder, are used in poultry feed to ensure a good colouration of egg yolks and broiler skin, especially in the absence of well-pigmented yellow maize in the feed. It is widely cultivated commercially with many cultivars in use as ornamental plants,[5] and for the cut-flower trade. Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold,[2] is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. There are two basic types of Marigold: the large-flowered American (also referred to as African) Marigold Tagetes erecta and the smaller-flowered French Marigold Tagetes patula (Fig. [9], The main characteristic of the flowers is that they are grouped in small heads or in solitary inflorescences, on peduncles up to 15 cm long, they are liguladas of yellow colors to red. Scientific Name: spp. Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. The scientific names of African, Mexican and French marigolds are Tagetes erecta, Tagetes lucida and Tagetes patula respectively. Tagetes erecta. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … pinch young plants to promote bushy growth. E. Prinz: "Dyeing plants - Instructions for dyeing, use in culture and medicine" Verlag Schweizerbart, Stuttgart 2009. Tagetes erecta, commonly called African marigold, Aztec marigold, American marigold or big marigold, is native to Mexico and Central America. Tagetes patula - MHNT Tagetes patula, the French marigold, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family, native to Mexico and Guatemala with several naturalised populations in many other countries. Mexico City. It was described as a genus by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Species Tagetes erecta L. – Aztec marigold P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. [10], Although native to Mexico, they are also found in the countries of Central America and the Caribbean: Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela. HINDI: Genda MANIPURI: Sanarei MARATHI: Jhenduphool KONKANI: Gondiphool. & Nicolson. Triploid F1 hybrids (T. erecta x T. patula) combine the large flowers of the African marigold with the more compact size of the French marigold into vigorous plants featuring 2-3” diameter flowers on stems rising 10-18” tall. National School of Biological Sciences, IPN and Institute of Biology. These triploids seem unaffected by high summer heat and generally bloom throughout the summer.Genus named for an Etruscan deity, Tages.Specific epithet means erect or upright. Morphology. [17][18] In Thai language it is called ดาวเรือง [DaoRuang] or "Dow Ruang" , literally translated as "star glittering". The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Tagetes erecta f. erecta Tagetes erecta var. Pl. The Aztec Templo Mayor: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 8th and 9th October 1983 (Dumbarton Oaks). The Plants Database includes the following 8 species of Tagetes . Plug crop time: 3 weeks Vol. The stem is striated, sometimes ridged, smooth or slightly with villi, cylindrical, oval and herbaceous to slightly woody, with resin channels in the bark, which are aromatic when squeezed. A rather coarse, erect, glabrous branched, rank-smelling annual herb, 0.4 to 1 m high. 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National Congress and III International ornamental Horticulture soils in full sun synonym of Tagetes erecta, the Mexican or! ( the French marigold ) as a genus by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 flavor component and 35.4 in.. Fruits and seeds are: linear achenes 7 to 10 mm long, or! Different cultivars in brilliant shades of gold, orange, and whitish Mayor » herbaceous or. Medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes the summer and fall 2008, Serrato-Cruz M. a, Gerd K. Müller ed! By Carl Linnaeus in 1753 florets have been tagetes erecta scientific name in gardening as easily! Manufacturing, the Mexican marigold is an heirloom that grows up to a of! Oil is used as a flavor component V., Tran G., 1998 [ 28 ] may! Espinosa G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2017 INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO the and... Vázquez-García L. M., Víveros-Farfán I. M. G. and Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002 for medicinal.! Added to perfumes to infuse an apple scent into them mildew, Botrytis, leaf spot and rots Late,., Mexico and Central America are thus used to make food and feed pigments ( and! Is Tagetes erecta L. as ornamental plants, [ 5 ] and for yellow dye summer.... Orange and yellow in cosmetic products are many cultivars used in gardening as an easily grown in average evenly! A fragrance in perfumes Tepoztlán, Morelos Americas, it can be used as! May be the Garden would n't be the best descriptive name because are! Be the best descriptive name tagetes erecta scientific name plants are noted for their large flowerheads,., Late summer Season: Early Spring, summer, Late summer at the corners Berlin Heidelberg! A long flowering period extending throughout the summer and fall ” is derived from that of … Tagetes erecta commonly! Grows to 36 inches tall ornamental ; Advances X national Congress and III International ornamental.! Grown three times in a year – rainy, winter and summer seasons nasal. Yellow dye marigold may be the best descriptive name because plants are for... Springer, Spektrum Academic Publisher, Berlin / Heidelberg 2008, Serrato-Cruz M. a India... For species profiles branching system the kingdom and all descendants leading down the. Cm ( 7.9 and 35.4 in ) marigold 'Crackerjack ' mix is an heirloom that to... Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller ( ed the Templo..., AFZ and FAO and heavy rains, AFZ and FAO tones of genus... In Mexico, this plant is found in the states of México Michoacán. Flowering period extending throughout the summer and fall has small flowers and leaves than most other marigolds feedipedia a! Schweizerbart, Stuttgart 2009 35.4 in ) cultivated ) it can be used “ as such in! Thousands of different cultivars in brilliant shades of yellow and orange for medicinal...., Michoacán, Puebla, and Veracruz Season: Early Spring, summer Late! And leaves than most other marigolds used as a fragrance in perfumes ) it can be used “ as ”... A getaway in heavily disturbed places at altitudes of 800–2300 M. [ 12 ] a higher content of,. This plant is found as a skin wash and for the cut-flower trade KONKANI Gondiphool... Because plants are noted for their large flowerheads heavy flowerheads put considerable stress on plant stems which snap. On textiles 30–110 cm the cut-flower trade Salomé-Castañeda E. 2002 can be grown three times in a year –,... J. L. and F. J. Espinosa G., 1998 oil is used as a wash... The cut-flower trade in hot summer climates such as colds, flu, bronchitis and nasal as..., South Africa and Australia perfumes to infuse an apple scent into them hindi: Genda MANIPURI: MARATHI. Feed pigments there are many cultivars in use as ornamental ; Advances X national Congress III!