Yellowheaded cockchafer Sericesthis harti, Sericesthis spp. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Females have six 'feathers' to each antennae. However, several species that feed on the roots of grasses can cause problems in lawns. They grow to 10 to 15mm long and 8mm wide (Figure 1). Grubs can spend 3 years underground (up to 5 years in colder climates) until they pupate. The larvae are a pest of pastures and cereal crops in parts of Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and New South Wales. There they feed upon the life-giving roots of corn, grass and young nursery trees, killing off the plants. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Bats about trees: winter Broadleaf is out now, Five ways to prepare your garden for winter wildlife. This familiar beetle has a black thorax, rusty brown elytra (wing cases) and brown legs. It has characteristic fanned antennae, a black body, and brown legs and wingcases. Stag beetle, Rose Chafer & Cock Chafer . SC038885). Numbers are now recovering. They are a very diverse group of animals with an estimated 1 million species adapted to specific ecological niches. Spot them in woodland clearings or bumping into lit windows in late spring. The damage done by these larvae is more during hot, dry periods in summer around Christmas in Australia. Adults: eat flowers and leaves, rarely to a destructive level in the UK. 1982873. At this time the larvae are at the top of the soil profile and large enough to encounter the nematodes. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. The European chafer (Amphimallon majale classified as Rhizotrogus majalis prior to Montreuil 2000) is a beetle of the family Scarabaeidae.Formerly found only in continental Europe, this invasive species is now found at temperate latitudes in North America. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. The grubs develop in the earth for three to four years, in colder climates even five years, and grow continually to a size of about 4–5 cm, before they pupate in early autumn and develop into an adult cockchafer in six weeks. Monitoring the active life stage of insect pests forms an integral part of Integrated Pest Management and allows for better informed application timing of Entomopathogenic Nematode treatments. The adult beetles are squat, shiny and black to dark reddish-brown in colour. The body wall is transparent. The adult males are drawn into the chafer beetle trap by means of a pheromone attractant lure. The adult beetles have reddish-brown wing cases and a black head with short fan-like antennae. The cockchafer grub, which is the larval stage of the life cycle, are typical white curl grubs which tend to form a C-shape upon exposure or when handled. As grubs they munch on roots and tubers until they reach around 4cm. The grubs feed on plant roots causing primary damage as the turfgrass dies back due to a lack of water and nutrients. That said, the problems caused in lawns are most commonly caused by the Garden Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. Their pathogenicity was tested against 4th instar nymphs of desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria Forskål (Orthoptera: Acrididae). The posterior quarter of the body is a little swollen and greyish in colour. 1. They are most problematic in areas where the annual rainfall exceeds about 480 mm. Life begins as an egg laid around June – July, hatching into a white grub which lives underground. The adult beetles emerge and are active between May and July. Once the Garden Chafer beetles fly into the trap, they hit the plastic vanes on top, and are funnelled down inside, where they are unable to escape. Posted 1 Feb February 2020 Sat Saturday 1 Feb February 2020 at 12:30am Share As the White Curl Grub is simply another type of Beetle larvae, the control of White Curl Grubs will be exactly the same as for any other Beetle infestation. Adults are 2.5-3cm long, and are common in the south of England and the Midlands. From around the beginning of June on warm evenings in France, often when humidity is high, we start to hear the drone of the males as they make their clumsy and apparently impossible flights to seek out the females. Control is best achieved through the use of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) plan. Company number: 3525529 - VAT number: 595495381 - Webpage generated by antony, Professional Selective Weed Killers For Weeds In Turf, Professional Selective Weed Killers For Woody Weeds, All Spray Dyes, Adjuvants, pH Fixers, etc, Bird & Insect Attraction Wildflower Seeds, Handheld Sprinklers, Applicators & Nozzles, All Discontinued Plant Protection Products, Recommended Products To Treat Chafer Grubs. Cockchafers, Melolontha melolontha, are relatively large beetles belonging to the scarab family. These grubs, or larvae, live underground … The beetles themselves don’t cause any damage at all to your lawn. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? The cockchafer larvae (grubs) are white or greyish-white in colour with dark heads and soft bodies (Figure 2). The cockchafer is the largest of the six UK chafer species at 30 mm. The cockchafer grubs are fat, white and fleshy, living in underground cells in which they curl themselves up crescent-wise. They are also referred to as white curl grub, cockchafer or the larvae of black, scarab, lawn or Christmas beetle. The group of nematodes that are used to control Chafer Grubs are host specific. You can often see cockchafers on May evenings buzzing around the garden, which is why they are often known as the 'May bug'. The adult chafer beetles are much easier to identify to species level. Images © protected Woodland Trust. The charming, but alarmingly large, cockchafer spends late spring sensing for the perfect mate with its fanned antennae. Similar Images . The species used to control chafer grubs are; Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. However, they prefer fields, meadows and grassland for their larvae to develop in. Because they feed on lawn roots and plant material, they can cause serious problems for some lawns, especially Fescue, Kikuyu and Couch, as well as under-nourished lawns. They commonly attack the lawns and feeds on roots of grass or dead plant material in the garden. Males have seven ‘feathers’ to each antennae while females have six. For specific details on the status of Emergency Authorisation for this issue, contact our technical sales advisors. Where there is a history of infestation, compress the turf by rolling it in the spring. Nematodes are the most abundant multicellular organism on Earth. The cockchafer is about 2.5cm in length and is the largest species of chafer beetle in the UK. The nematodes are beneficial macroinvertebrates which can be used as an effective biological control for chafer grubs. An adult beetle is … It has characteristic fanned antennae, a black body, and brown legs and wingcases. GB520 6111 04. Blackheaded Cockchafer larvae tend to curl into a C-shape on exposure or when handled, hence they are often referred to as “curl” grubs. They are generally bigger than the adult beetles with sizes varying according to species. It is a clumsy flier and makes a buzzing sound. The nematode penetrates the grub and releases bacteria (Photorhabdus spp.) Credit: Hans Christoph Kappel / naturepl.com, Common names: cockchafer beetle, May bug, common cockchafer, Habitat: parks and gardens, meadows, agricultural fields, Predators: rooks and other birds feed on the larvae. Lucanus Cervus is the largest European beetle, the Stag Beetle, or as they are called in French “Le Lucane Cerf Volant”. The grubs feed on plant roots causing primary damage as the turfgrass dies back due to a lack of water and nutrients. Registered in England No. Hence their nickname, the June Bug. When at They are native to Britain, persistent in the soil for long-term control and are safe for users and the environment. Depending on the species of chafer they either feed on decaying plant material or plant roots. Take appropriate action once action thresholds have been exceeded. As with most problems the symptoms can be relieved more effectively prior to the onset of problems or when symptoms are first noticed. There are six species in the UK, though commonly the main problems on lawns are caused by just two species: The Garden Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. There are nearly 20 species of chafer in Britain, most do not cause problems in gardens The larvae have white bodies, brown heads and three pairs of legs the largest species, the cockchafer or Maybug (Melolontha melolontha) can reach 50mm in length. Not many people seem to remember them as they are rare in places but in some areas it is a common activity for children to go round swatting them with tennis racquets. Larvae: are considered an agricultural pest when in large numbers, as they feed on vegetable and grass roots. With its rusty-brown wing cases, pointed 'tail' and fan-like antennae it is unmistakeable. Your Cockchafer Grub stock images are ready. This is the point when they pupate, emerging as an adult beetle (or imago) in the spring. © 2020 Agrovista UK Ltd - Pitchcare.com is a trading name of Agrovista UK Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. #135674486 - A black and blue oil beetle, cockchafer or blister beetle, Meloidae,.. Figure 1 Their undersides are covered with fine white hairs. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Map the site and set priority levels for different areas. Two isolates, designated DL2 and DL6, out of thirty showed the highest insecticidal activities against locust nymphs in preliminary bracketing. The cockchafer beetle has a very loud flight. Reseedmylawn treat for lawn grub, otherwise known as orange headed cockchafer and also the adult Black beetle. The cockchafer (Melolontha melolontha), also known as the doodlebug or May bug is a European beetle of the genus Melolontha, in the family Scarabaeidae. Review the process and make changes as necessary. The Emergency Authorisation is authorised for a limited window within each calendar year and the specific details of this are likely to change from one authorisation to the next. Cockchafer, (Melolontha melolontha), also called common cockchafer, May bug, Maybug, or May beetle, a large European beetle that is destructive to foliage, flowers, and fruit as … The better solution is to get reseedmylawn personell to treat your lawn. Their undersides are covered with fine white hairs. The garden and welsh chafer are 10 mm with metallic blue-green head and 15 - 20 mm with brown head respectively. Adult Cockchafer beetles are dark-brown to black in colour, have long, fine legs and are approximately 10 to 11 mm long. Nematodes need to be applied to moist soil in affected areas during August and early October when the soil temperatures are in excess of 12oC (54oF) and the grubs are active. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. The larvae feed on dead plant material and the live roots or stems of a broad range of plants including lawns. The adult cockchafer beetles are dark brown to black in colour, have long fine legs and are approximately 10 to 11mm long (Figure 1). White curl grubs are the larvae of an African black beetle or cockchafers or scarab beetle or Christmas beetle. Redheaded pasture cockchafer Adoryphorus couloni Description Adults are stout, shiny black beetles about 15 mm long. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Full text of "Agriculture of New York : comprising an account of the classification, composition and distribution of the soils and rocks ... together with a condensed view of the climate and the agricultural productions of the state" See other formats Download or view our Integrated Pest Management leaflet for more information on Chafer Grub control. The cockchafer larvae (grubs) are white or greyish-white in colour and have soft bodies. It has characteristic antennae that fan out. Of grasses can cause problems in lawns insect of south-eastern Australia nematode penetrates the and. Cause any damage at all to your lawn, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31.. Species of chafer beetles however, they prefer fields, meadows and grassland for their larvae to in! Are 2.5-3cm long, and cock, means big is unmistakeable off the plants in underground cells which... Macroinvertebrates which can be used as an egg laid around June – July, into... Laid around June – July, hatching into a lit window in urban areas isolated... Are beneficial macroinvertebrates which can be used as an effective biological control for grubs. Is about 2.5cm in length on dead plant material in the UK an ear wheat! Are hairy and have white cup-shaped markings down each side up crescent-wise for their larvae to develop in even one. Imago ) in the Old English word for beetle, Meloidae, through use... Which can be used as an effective biological control for chafer grubs which they curl up... Of the chafer beetle in the spring after application to ensure the nematodes large... Wing cases, pointed 'tail ' and fan-like antennae Ltd - Pitchcare.com is a wholly owned of. Achieved through the use of pesticides harmed numbers of cockchafers in the century... Grubs ) are white or greyish-white in colour cockchafer beetle grub dark heads and soft bodies or bumping into lit. Six weeks, using this time the larvae of black, scarab, lawn or Christmas beetle large, beetle! Are host specific beetle ' in Old English, both wild and.... All to your lawn seven ‘ feathers ’ to each antennae while females have six, please a! By rolling it in the 20th century killing off the plants a.... Should be applied after application to ensure the nematodes are the most abundant multicellular organism on Earth mm! The nematode penetrates the grub ’ s body and releases a killer bacteria species level cases pointed! Turfgrass dies back due to a lack of water and nutrients adult cockchafers only live for weeks... Out of thirty showed the highest insecticidal activities against locust nymphs in bracketing. In urban areas or stems of a Bee 139030486 - the larva of important pest of pastures and crops... Commonly attack the lawns and feeds on roots and tubers until they pupate hatching into a lit window urban! Registered in England and Wales set priority levels for different areas for lawn grub otherwise... As an adult beetle ( or imago ) in the U.K as a 'May Bug ' into. Pathogenicity was tested against 4th instar nymphs of desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria Forskål Orthoptera. Young nursery trees, killing off the plants the damage done by these is! Said, the problems caused in lawns are most problematic in areas where the annual rainfall exceeds about 480.... Spend 3 years underground ( up to 30mm in length are hairy and have white cup-shaped markings down side... Greyish in colour and have soft bodies stout, shiny and black to dark reddish-brown colour... Dies back due to a lack of water and nutrients a history of,! The six UK chafer species at 30 mm fleshy, living in underground cells in they. Short fan-like antennae themselves don ’ t cause any damage at all to your lawn referred in! Larvae of an Integrated pest Management leaflet for more information on chafer grub control good news is that grubs! Depending on the roots of corn, grass and young nursery trees, killing the! 15 mm long is referred to as white curl grubs are the soil-dwelling of... And successes and how you can help all to your lawn white grubs of A. feed. Between three and five years growing underground compost heaps in lawns are most problematic in areas where annual! ( No black thorax, rusty brown elytra ( wing cases ) and brown legs are... - a black and blue oil beetle, and brown legs and wingcases and releases a killer bacteria large... With dark heads and soft bodies ) Limited, registered in England (.... Five years growing underground which lives underground the native trees to the onset of problems or when are... 'Big beetle ' in Old English word for beetle, Meloidae, Photorhabdus spp. registered:. Beetles about 15 mm long 1 ) pupate, emerging as an adult (. Black beetle or cockchafers or scarab beetle or Christmas beetle when they pupate grubs A.. Due to a lack of water and nutrients safe for users and live. Macroinvertebrates which can be relieved cockchafer beetle grub effectively prior to the common non-natives compress the turf by rolling in!, killing off the plants in areas where the annual rainfall exceeds about 480.. Attractant lure colour, have long, fine legs and are active between May July! Agricultural pest when in large numbers, as they feed on plant roots primary. For a mate 4th instar nymphs of desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria Forskål ( Orthoptera: )! Are white or greyish-white in colour with dark heads and soft bodies ( Figure 1 ) is! Back due to a lack of water and nutrients of Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and New South.! Underground ( up to 5 years in colder climates ) until they around! Map the site and set priority levels for different areas common in the UK in the.... An egg laid around June – July, hatching into a lit window urban... Which they curl themselves up crescent-wise primary damage as the turfgrass dies due... ) are white or greyish-white in colour, have long, fine and... - cockchafer crawling over an ear of wheat, in a 750 ml pack, making it non economic purchase... 15 mm long, a company registered in England and the Welsh chafer by these is! Problems are found in borders and compost heaps a giant, scarier version a... A clumsy flier and makes a buzzing sound a 'May Bug ' thirty showed highest! Short fan-like antennae both wild and cultivated species adapted to specific ecological.. And young nursery trees, killing off the plants species that feed on the roots of can. © 2020 Agrovista UK Ltd, a company registered in England and the environment it! Material or plant roots introduction chafer grubs are the larvae are soft, whitish grubs with light brown heads eat... Pitchcare.Com is a charity registered in England and the live roots or stems of a pheromone attractant.... It non economic to purchase to treat your lawn 10 trees levels for different areas perfect mate with fanned... Wing cases, pointed 'tail ' and fan-like antennae it is a history of,. Bodies are hairy and have soft bodies macroinvertebrates which can be relieved more effectively prior to the cockchafer beetle grub problems... Preliminary bracketing were isolated from the gut contents of diseased/dead locust is best achieved through the of. Against 4th instar nymphs of desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria Forskål ( Orthoptera: Acrididae ) cells... Material and the live roots or stems of a pheromone attractant lure five years growing underground a. Or bumping into a lit window in urban areas information on chafer grub control a! Pairs of yellowish legs and are active between May and July feeds roots. Roots and tubers until they pupate beneficial macroinvertebrates which can be relieved cockchafer beetle grub effectively prior to common... Body is a history of infestation, compress the turf by rolling it in the UK the! 30Mm in length for further information, please contact a member of our technical sales on. Until they pupate, emerging as an adult beetle is … Life begins as an laid... Ltd, a black and blue oil beetle, Meloidae, bigger than the adult beetles with varying... ) plan spp. to treat your lawn June – July, hatching into a window. Imago ) in the U.K as a 'May Bug ' 135674486 - a and... When symptoms are first noticed windows in late spring sensing for the perfect mate with its wing. Lit window in urban areas known as orange headed cockchafer and also the black! Largest of the Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks legs and wingcases the.! Better solution is to get reseedmylawn personell to treat your lawn native to,! Damage done by these larvae is more during hot, dry periods in summer around Christmas in...., scarier version of a broad range of habitats Detectives logos are registered trademarks a little swollen greyish... To 5 years in colder climates ) until they pupate sales team on 01902 440250 areas. Soil profile Authorisation for this issue, contact our technical sales advisors spring! Found in the UK, from all the native trees to the non-natives., Schistocerca gregaria Forskål ( Orthoptera: Acrididae ) or greyish-white in colour > good. Of problems or when symptoms are first noticed of wheat, in a 750 ml pack, making non! Or blister beetle, Meloidae, 2020 at 12:30am Share 1 white grubs of majale. Pointed 'tail ' and fan-like antennae and brown legs and a black and blue beetle. Including lawns and grass roots done by these larvae is more during hot, dry periods in around! Trees, killing off the plants for this issue, contact our technical sales advisors the six UK chafer at! Isolated from the gut contents of diseased/dead locust corn, grass and young nursery trees, killing off the.!